Tuan Anh Le

box’s loop

14 february 2017

notes on (Box, 1976).


science and statistics go hand in hand. paper comes from the premise “all models are wrong, but some are useful.”

science is not

the theory in statistics is grounded on sound maths. but it still is based on assumptions. if we don’t use it in practice, we can’t know whether it is useful or not. we need to actually work with models and the real life to know.

we can’t have an open loop in which case we are stuck in either of the following:


  1. Box, G. E. P. (1976). Science and statistics. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 71(356), 791–799.
      title = {Science and statistics},
      author = {Box, George EP},
      journal = {Journal of the American Statistical Association},
      volume = {71},
      number = {356},
      pages = {791--799},
      year = {1976},
      publisher = {Taylor \& Francis}